Just starting out in martial arts? Before you make the same mistakes I did, you’ve got to read this!

 

Whether it’s Gracie Jiu Jitsu, Muay Thai, Bruce Lee’s Jeet Kune Do, Kali, or any other method of training it’s imperative that you get off to a good start. In this article I’m going to cover some tell tale signs to look for to find good training, just in case you don’t happen to be anywhere near RCW in Tigard and the Portland Area. Maybe you even live near us in Lake Oswego, but you’re already training elsewhere, I hope this information will help you prevent the same kind of mistakes I made along my continuing 30 year journey of martial arts.

First and foremost, how to identify if the coach knows what they’re doing.

I’ll give a couple examples but this isn’t as obvious as it sounds. I wish it was, but good martial arts is a rare find. It’s like discovering a world class musician, painter, auto mechanic, chef, or carpenter. You can relate to their craft, probably enjoy it, but replicating it at that moment is an impossible task. Let alone understanding all he tools and nuances of that trade.

Martial Arts is NOT an activity in the same way people pick up other physical hobbies. There’s such a vast difference between an aerobic boxing class and boxing as a professional sport they’re not remotely the same thing. Most of us understand that doing Tae Bo doesn’t mean we’re learning real boxing and self defense. The problem comes into finer detail when they’re eerily similar but different. Have you ever hired a contractor to work on your house and took the lowest bid? Only to find shoddy workmanship later, and hired another professional to come back and fix those mistakes. It’s because during the bidding process they seemed so similar the price was viewed as the major deciding factor.

Anything look different?

Rickson Gracie knows what he’s doing, notice he and the team behind him do NOT have cauliflower ear!

Watch the instructor closely, watch the students even more.

A good instructor will be able to relate key details to their students and pass on the knowledge to create numerous copies of their work. Do the senior students exhibit these same qualities? Look to see if these long term students (there should be some!) can perform the technique of the day easily, coach beginners on how to do it, AND make it work in live drills or sparring with resistance. The instructor should be able to perform the movement even if they’re into their 40’s, 50’s or 60’s. They should make it look effortless and relate the concepts contained in the idea presented. At RCW currently our head coaches are just entering their 40’s and have been training for more than 20 years. We would never ask a student to do something we haven’t done ourselves and often we can demonstrate it on the spot.

A good instructor should NOT have to be rough to prove anything to you!

People who are qualified know how to train. That means they can prepare people for competition without injuring them in the process. I have been privileged to train with some of the best in the world, and the better they were the safer the academy. Being hurt cuts your training short, you have to take time off, you lose training partners who are also out hurt, and being tough has little to no benefits! IT does NOT mean you never spar, or that the technique is not effective.

You should be able to FEEL the technique is effective and senior students should be able to handle beginners through skill, not by trying to be overly aggressive. This is another key area, where the natural inclination is that the harder people go at it the more “real” it must be. Nothing could be further from the truth. People like Rickson Gracie, Pedro Sauer, GSP, Bruce Lee, Anderson Silva, and countless other professionals all advocate training safely. Yet at the same time parring is alive elements of timing, pressure, control, and strategy that simulate reality.

What are their qualifications? Ask questions!

Are they offering Gracie Jiu Jitsu? Then they should be able to point to members of the Gracie family they’ve trained with. Jeet Kune Do, then surely they have some credential from Dan Inosanto or someone in the association. Be careful with quick photos, and paperwork on the wall, anyone can attend a seminar on a weekend and say they’re the next grandmaster. Funnily enough, across the board anyone I’ve met who’s qualified as a grandmaster NEVER wants to be called that! Your future instructor should have dedicated mentors who passed not the trade just like a head chef or an electrician. Who walked them along their path?

Go to the seminars and workshops!

At any good school, you should have the opportunity to work with the head instructor’s mentors. At RCW this year alone our students were offered the chance to work with Master Pedro Sauer of Gracie Jiu Jitsu, Henry Akins a a student of Rickson Gracie, Greg Nelson, Ajarn Chai of Muay Thai, and Dan Inosanto of JKD and Kali fame. When you attend these workshops the material you’re covering should be the SAME. If you’re affiliated with Dan Inosanto and claim to practice Kali or Silat and attend the seminar and it’s nothing what you practice all year long, then your school is NOT following the program!

Only one of two things could be the case here, either your instructor is exposed to material and chooses to do his or her own thing back home. That usually means they think they’re own material is better but they are depriving you of what you’re paying for and after years of this they probably can’t perform the technique either! Secondly, they might not have ever been in the affiliation to begin with! Countless people SAY they do Gracie Jiu Jitsu but very few are actually connected to the family and the art. It’d be like getting hired at a fancy Italian restaurant with farm to table food and then they find out you’ve only worked at the Olive Garden. They’re similar on the most basic level but drastically different!

Don’t fall for extremism!

A quick glance on Youtube and you’ll find some top videos with literally MILLIONS of views, often provided by people who have ZERO experience in the advice they’re giving. Phony JKD representatives, bad Jiu Jitsu, and self defense technique that if you tried to use it in a real fight you might not even make it home. Worse still is I’ve seen schools adopt this attitude and start ramping up their vocal intensity as if it adds something to the movement. Sadly, people who lack confidence can view these people as knowledgeable and be quickly defrauded. That person might even believe, like a bad relationship, that their next instructor has to exhibit the same machismo all the time or it must not be authentic.

I cannot tell you how many former Krav Maga students, and even black belts, I’ve had come through RCW only to find out their intensity and material just doesn’t work. I’m sorry to be so blunt, but that is the sad fact. Many people don’t break free of the extremism paradigm and will fight to defend it. As recently as this week in November 2019 I had a recent transplant from Krav Maga in our adult classes. I came in to start the class and the young man was asking another coach “what if I do this, oh wait let me do it as hard as I can…I’ll try this now… ugh ugh!”

Our coach was barely responding and just asking what he was trying to do as this young man tried to throw him around every which way. Before we could deduce the intent, the man exclaimed, “are you serious! None of this stuff works, I wasted a year of my life for what? I thought I was learning something.” This young guy might not know it yet, but he’s in a field of one in ten or twenty who ever look deeper.

Van Damme is in shape, but it doesn’t mean he knows martial arts

I made all these mistakes and more…

That’s right, I’m speaking from personal experience. I hired the sub-contractor and was duped for years trying to find the gold standard for RCW. I was lied to by people who told me they had qualifications. I was lied to by people who told me they could give me qualifications. I too fell into the trap that if training was hardcore it must be genuine. There was even a would-be-mentor I worked with who I later discovered was basically running a small cult! The problem with getting hooked on horrible training is that it can be hard to tell the difference even after a couple years.  Once you’re drinking the Kool-Aid, the sensation of being trapped can take a tremendous mental will to break through.

I had to throw it all away

When I encountered my failure at finding genuine Gracie Jiu Jitsu and had to say “uncle” to Relson, I didn’t run from it. I knew I had found what I was looking for, I was in awe that this 60 plus year old man could wrap me up. He smiled ear to ear, he didn’t use any muscle, and I was playing what sounded like drum beats constantly tapping out. I could’ve blown it off, or called him a jerk, but I knew right then this was a real thing. I wanted that skill to use leverage and principle over muscle and aggression. If it worked for him, I hoped it would work for me and I left the MMA school for Gracie Jiu Jitsu and never regretted it for a moment.

 

TL:DR!

  1. It’s worse to train with horrible people than to not train at all
  2. Observe the instructor and other students
  3. Make them show you their credentials/who trained them?
  4. If advanced students can show efficacy while smiling, they probably have “it.”
  5. Attend workshops and compare your school to the material presented
  6. Being rough is not a sign of good training, it’s the opposite!
  7. Don’t be afraid to start over, it’s never too late!

 

 

 

Good luck out there! When I was a kid good training was hard to find because it was such a rarity. It’s still rare, but good training is now hard to find because there’s schools on every block. In the last 5 years almost as many schools have closed around RCW as have opened. The one thing you can’t get back is time, invest yourself and really find out where you should be training to get the results you want.

 

 

 

In real martial arts and self defense, strength is only one small aspect of the total arsenal:

After 20 years training countless students, it’s fairly often that a new student has the common misconception that brute force solves a puzzle. Whether it’s Muay Thai Kickboxing, Gracie Jiu Jitsu, or the Knife play of Kali, beginners sometimes think that if they just “go harder” they’ll be able to achieve something. Maybe they’ll learn faster, prove to themselves they’re not weak, or invalidate technique. Maybe it’s such a simple option that it’s the most obvious solution.

It’s only natural…

I can’t fault them for it, centuries of human nature are kicking in. After all, how could someone smaller and weaker than you put you in an arm bar and utterly dominate you? In our lizard brain it doesn’t make logical sense, at first. It’s such a massive affront to everything we understand about gender, masculinity, and how the world works that it can be a massive blow to the ego. After that break in the psyche it is also the most empowering and liberating concept you’ll ever learn.

Check out this Documentary on the women of BJJ and why the principles of leverage and technique can beat strength every time. (article continues below)

Ready to throw off the shackles of this paradigm? Let’s do this!

First, here’s what did it for me…

 

I was a tough guy:

My first experience with real technique in a grappling sense was with Relson Gracie. Many of my students have heard this story, but I entered a seminar with Professor Relson and proceeded to be a complete noob. I had done some grappling before, but it was all at meat head factories where explosive force solved everything. If you injured yourself or your partner that was just par for the course. I was doing my thing, being an ass, and Professor Relson tapped me on the shoulder. “Wow you’re pretty strong my friend, why don’t you play with me for a minute.” I was in my prime, 28 years old and working out for a living which meant weights, boxing, kick boxing, grappling, and Kali every day for a minimum of 8 hours a day.

Or so I thought:

He put me in his guard, which as the name implies is a position that protects you in Jiu Jitsu, but is unique because it also allows you to go on the offense. Imagine all the abilities of a Goalie in soccer, but also the two passing forwards. I began to activate my super power of youth and explosive strength. In the next moment I was utterly shocked, as soon as I tensed up Professor Relson relaxed. I found myself stuck in a mouse trap where I had just grabbed the cheese expecting to claim the spoils. Contrarily I couldn’t move anywhere, I was literally stuck under my own weight. Then I began to notice that Relson was almost tipping me over but wouldn’t let me fall, and to top it off he was choking off the blood to my brain and breaking my arm ALL AT THE SAME TIME! All I could do was tap out and let him release me from the web with a big smile on his face.

A realization was about to unfold:

I had never seen this kind of Jiu Jitsu in Portland up until this point. I had no clue how to fathom what Professor Relson was doing. We were wrestling, but I could not comprehend HOW he was controlling me with ease. This hooked me immediately,I laid down my ego and signed up for classes  as a white belt and never looked back.

What I quickly noticed over the next 11 year journey to attain a Gracie Jiu Jitsu black belt is that all the top tier athletes and coaches follow the same prescription. The very best boxing coaches, UFC fighters, BJJ athletes, they all strive to be smooth and use finesse, leverage and technique before strength. They all have academies where learning and authenticity go hand in hand with safe training practices.

The benefits of using finesse, leverage, and technique when preferred over strength

  1. Better Cardio: Because you’re not exploding all the time, you learn better cardio management and can function almost the same level throughout your work out
  2. Injury prevention: In any sport where there’s brute force you’re susceptible to ailments like muscle and soft tissue damage. This is compounded in combat sports and self defense where another person is already trying to do you harm.
  3. Calmness of mind: when you slow down, along with the breathing being more regulated, it also gives you time to think. In a fight that can save your life, in the academy, it gives the body time to process movements, plan, grow, and learn. Your workout will be far more productive and you’ll retain information better.
  4. Longevity: Most people get hooked on training and they want to do it for the rest of their lives. Now you can train into old age, and even be better than when you were younger!
  5. Everything works! This is the best part, when you start to use technique and your mind is calm, all these factors become extremely rewarding. Once you get a taste, the first time you use technique to control and own someone using muscle it’s 100% addictive! You’ll never go back to your former inefficient idea of brute force.
  6. It changes your thought patterns! Once you’re calm and using crafty planning to solve the puzzle of your opponent you begin to think differently. All of the sudden you start to look for the most efficient way to be good at everything. Driving through traffic, managing relationships, negotiating a sale, daily life events shift as you start to apply subtle technique in every situation.
  7. Learning is a constant: Once you open the door to strategy and start being solution oriented you will be amazed at what you learn. There’s rarely a plateau because you keep your ego in check and are always looking for new tricks, new understanding, and ways to build upon what you have.
  8. When you’re easy going, everyone trains with you: When the attitude in the academy builds on all these tenants there’s strategy everywhere. Maybe you catch your partner in an arm bar and there’s no way out. They tap, but the excitement is just beginning, because you caught them in a friendly way with technique they immediately want to see if they can escape it the next time.
  9. The training hall is a science lab: When everyone is playing like this with good mechanics, tapping out is just a training protocol. It’s not a win or lose thing, because again we’re winning KNOWLEDGE. Now what happens is everyone in the school starts sharing with everyone else and it flourishes. When it’s all muscle people ended up hiding moves, details and technique from their partners and rivalries begin.
  10. Self-Defense is perceived as effortless and you feel safe every where you go. When you can control any size of human being despite their athleticism it’s a very comforting feeling. All the machismo is gone, and you don’t feel intimidated by other people. This allows you to brush off conflict and if it’s unavoidable you have tremendous confidence.

What can you expect if you HULK OUT all the time:

  1. Constant injury: You might win the battle, but the war rages on. People in martial arts that are injured all the time are constantly taking time off. That means your training partners are getting better while you’re sitting at home. The only trophy for time on the mat is learning, you don’t take anything home with you but your body and knowledge. If you’re going to risk an injury it should at least be for a real street altercation or a professional match.
  2. False power, false success: Since muscle does work from time to time, it will reinforce the habit and belief that your strength leads to success. Since it’s a falsehood what will happen is you’ll inevitably meet someone stronger, and worse you’ll meet a plateau. The early gains of training will fade into a stagnate wall you’re unable to process.
  3. The hammer problem: Part of that learning curve decline is because every problem is only viewed with the one solution: athleticism. There are many activities that require hardly any muscle in life, archery, horseback riding, music, cooking, writing, disc golf, and on and on. You wouldn’t try to solve the mystery of these disciplines with more power. It’s like taking a hammer around the house and trying to do every job with one universal tool. Very quickly everything starts to look like a nail whether it’ll help you or not.
  4. You will hurt yourself far more than other people: Strength = toughness, and the same idea that brought us here brings the downfall. Its our ego trying to prove that we are not weak. You can expect cauliflower ear, arthritic fingers, lots of medical tape, for YOU! When you apply a force on an object some of that force is applied directly to you. I made these mistakes as well, I wanted to sweep my opponent flat on their back. I managed to do it, but in the transition I applied so much strength that I tore the cartilage in my ribs.
  5. How you train is how you live – Smashing things with a hammer? Unable to learn? Plateaus everywhere? I hate to be the bearer of bad news but this is also a metaphor for the other areas of your life. Chances are you’re not listening in your relationship. You’ve plateaued at your job or you might be angry all the time. You have to put the active mind to work to counter the lizard brain.
  6. People won’t want to train with you: When someone is using a tremendous amount of muscle against me these days I don’t flip out. I calmly subdue them and work my game with a smile on my face. This usually infuriates them more! I’ll do this a number of times before I say something like “hey partner are you looking for a fight here, if you’re going to go 100% and try to hurt me, why shouldn’t I do the same?” Sometimes that will sink in, other times I just start avoiding that person because I’m not getting anything out of training any more. I already know I’m tough, my goal is to learn and come back tomorrow. The only thing that individual can offer me is a chance to see how calculating I can be while someone goes crazy. That opportunity is easy to find and the benefits are infinitesimally small.
  7. If they do train with you, they won’t help you. Take the same partner I described above, instead of avoiding I train with them all the time. I feel comfortable and I get to own them in sparring any chance I want like a fun game. When we wrap up they’ll say “oh man, lucky you got me there I could’ve had a grip or I could’ve done this…… but tell me, how’d you do that?” To which I always reply “Gee I don’t know, you’re right on my friend, I just got lucky again!” There’s no point in imparting advice because the Hulk has proven he doesn’t have listening skills and the ability to change.
  8. You will find others like you – If you stick with a place like RCW where everyone is trying to use good mechanics first, you’ll try to find like minded people and roll with them. Hulk vs Hulk is about to happen. Injuries are more likely, but what you’ll do is reinforce with each other that muscle is the way to go. After all this person agrees with you, so it must be the way. Should that plan fail, a lot of Hulks end up quitting and finding a gym that FOCUSES on strength and athleticism. Usually cauliflower ear and taped joints are in sight.
  9. You’ll start to fear people with two years or more of experience: Since the Hulk has to defend the belt and smash, when he’s encountered with a fresh faced blue belt who’s been technical from the beginning it can be devastating. For the Hulk! A black belt journey is 10-12 years under Gracie Jiu Jitsu, so now the guy who was 28 and in his prime is 40 and looking back at the college kid. Ego got in the way of his training and he refused to believe in finesse, but the college kid is smart and has his number. Pretty soon the Hulk quits rolling with the more technical lower belts and might quit sparring altogether if they don’t quit the school.
  10. You could become a bully: It’s true story time. We had a Hulk floating around the academy for a while, we cautioned the guy. He was super rough, never listened and once even said he hurt his partner because he didn’t tap “fast enough.” Just a meat head through and through, and if you ever had his number he’d whine and bemoan about how life isn’t fair. Finally we decided it would be best for the school if we didn’t have this person around and we told him to pack up his loin cloth and go. Within the first month he found a like minded meat school and was excruciatingly injured. In martial arts it often doesn’t end well for the bully.

 

The truth is out there…

The last few words I’ll leave you with is understand we’re all the same. What’s tough for you was at one time tough for me. I couldn’t believe what people like Pedro Sauer were able to do on the mat, it was like magic. The best way for us to embrace change, is to hang out with people who set the example we want to emulate. If using finesse, leverage, technique and good mechanics sounds too good to be true, then you just need to find a place like River City Warriors that offers a way to train these elements. To gain understanding you need to feel it, to experience how it’s different. Let me tell you this my friends, once you get a little taste of how good technique can be you will search endlessly for the same results.

Don’t just take my word for it, come an experience quality training at RCW and see for yourself.  We always offer a free trial for new students conveniently located in Portland, Lake Oswego, Tigard, Tualatin and the surrounding areas. You can find that on our webpage and a direct link right here —> FREE TRIAL <—

If you don’t live in the Portland area but need to find a good Jiu Jitsu school we’re happy to help you search nationwide. We’ve trained across the continent and know many of the best coaches all over the country.

 

Stay safe, and stay effective by practicing good mechanics!

– Professor Joe Heller

Gracie Black Belt

 

Gracie Jiu Jitsu isn’t just for the athletic, the strong, the young, or the GIANT! 

Helio Gracie, who launched Jiu Jitsu into the mainstream along with his sons, was not a large man. Tipping the scales at 145lbs and a height of 5’9 he was average in stature. What he accomplished is the stuff of martial arts legends and the point I’m going to make is beyond the fact he was an immigrant to the U.S, learned a foreign martial arts style (Jiu Jitsu was originally from Japan), and completely disrupted that system and evolved the ground game. Then along with his sons he developed the idea for the UFC and lit the world stage of MMA on fire. What I’m saying is, Helio Gracie and the authentic pioneers still pushing the art did something even more incredible than all of this!

Quest for authenticity:

I have been on a journey since the 1980’s to find “real” martial arts. There’s a number of reasons for this like having a fraudulent karate instructor who lied about teaching Jeet Kune Do (JKD) like we do at RCW. Another contributor was an MMA school where I was supposedly learning BJJ and Grappling. Yet, it didn’t seem to work on students bigger or more athletic than myself. I looked inward for blame and surely thought I must be doing something wrong! This is the nightmare that keeps me awake at night, someone is out there who hasn’t found this piece of the puzzle yet. They think Krav Maga and all the confidence they instill in their class is ready for genuine reality. In my career path I have learned the different between feeling confident, and having skill. You have to be certain without a shred of doubt that your material is going to work for you when you need it.

Real self defense prepares you to survive any situation

GM Helio Gracie’s biggest contribution to the world was packaging a system that could serve any one, any size. Other greats have been able to do this like Dan Inosanto who is the heir apparent to JKD. Gracie Jiu Jitsu/BJJ when done correctly though, is such an efficient form of defense that you almost don’t need anything else! That’s a monster claim, and I’ll address it momentarily, but for now check out our own Coach Holly demonstrating one possibility for escaping the bear hug. This hold can be used in a variety of ways, but typically on the street it is used to drag people somewhere they don’t want to go.

Self defense with coach Holly!Rivercitywarrior.com

Posted by River City Warriors on Thursday, 19 September 2019

 

What if…???

It’s one possible escape for the bear hug as shown here, and there are numerous others and perspectives that include striking. So why not do those? Well for one, this is the method as Helio Gracie and his successor Pedro Sauer teach it. Secondly, and this is the struggle for real BJJ, it often looks like there’s something else you could do like hit the groin or the throat. When someone grabs you correctly, it is impossible to do those things. Think about this, those moves were legal in the first several years of the UFC, but how come Royce Gracie didn’t get hit in the groin or the throat? Because the technique works! At our academy we believe a move or technique must satisfy a few requirements. It should be based on leverage, a connection to the opponent using weight and scientific principle, it should also be effective when done slowly against a full on 100% resisting partner. Sometimes when you’re looking from the outside, you can’t get a sense for how it feels. You might think to yourself it looks easy to fly a plane or drive a formula one race car, but behind the seat of the machine it’s a whole other world. Jiu Jitsu is like that, it’s simple and effective, but sometimes slow and once you have a feel for it you won’t settle for anything less.

Using BJJ as a way

Back to the packaging of Gracie Jiu Jitsu, when it’s authentic the curriculum encompasses all manner of scenarios. For instance on our white to blue belt exam, the first major milestone of your journey, we emphasize about 35 standing defensive maneuvers. Out of list of 88 total moves this is a huge percentage of the exam. This is what sets RCW apart from schools that do BJJ solely for tournaments. GM Gracie and Pedro Sauer believe that the self defense aspect is one of the most important pillars of the art.

If you get in an altercation out on the street there’s no points, and you certainly wouldn’t sit down on the ground and expect your assailant to walk in and grapple with you. Because of this we feel it necessary that all students at RCW have these stand up elements like the one shown in the video. Eventually all students will do these techniques under a high level of stress and pressure, because they’re ready for it and they have to KNOW that it works.

This is what I mean when I wrote that if you only had Gracie Jiu Jitsu as a form of defense it would be enough. We can ponder things like John Wick, but how many of us are going to whip out our .45’s and go guns blazing. Nobody, self defense is going to come in the form of someone grabbing you on the street, or a single person trying to hit you. If you’re smaller, or female, odds are that the person is trying to intimidate you with their size and strength. In altercations like these the techniques that come out of Jiu Jitsu address the most common situations you could ever get into. And because the movements aren’t size dependent, anyone can feel confident in their own skin.

BJJ = Gracie Jiu Jitsu

Sometimes. Maybe. It depends. At RCW we were trained by the source, we have two Gracie certified Black Belts on site teaching classes each week. The curriculum that was passed down to us features a strong back bone in self defense that continues even on the ground. Meaning when we are “rolling,” the sparring in Jiu Jitsu, we are always aware of how to defend strikes and get to the best position for an advantage. Many sport based BJJ schools throw out this material altogether and focus on winning certain competitions by points alone. They don’t do any stand up defense and you’d be lucky to find a school that has solid takedowns found in wrestling. Usually these places have a few athletic students, frequent injury, and less than 1% of people that come through the door progress through these systems.

The knowledge of self defense prevents your joints and ligaments from being vulnerable to injury. In fact I have had several intermediate to black belt students visit our school and the ones from outside the Gracie method have NEVER seen the self defense positions like we offer. Be very wary of schools where BJJ means a lot of grip strength, jumping around, flashy agility, and moves dependent on flexibility. This is not the art, and these athletes generally don’t hold up well tot he test of time. Pedro Sauer opens seminars with “you need to be spoiled by good mechanics,” built on leverage, finesse, and skeletal structure. Once you get a taste for this elusive style of Jiu Jitsu you’ll be after it’s rewards forever AND you’ll be able to enjoy a long and healthy relationship with an art millions around the world love.

 

Don’t take our word for it.

In closing, one of my favorite quotes from Master Sauer is a simple “let’s see if that’s true.” Everything must be tested, much like the origins of JKD, the early days of the UFC, we need to put ourselves out there. At RCW we do exactly that, come see for yourself any time the difference in our Jiu Jitsu. Maybe you’re new to the sport, maybe you’ve been injured before, maybe you moved right after you achieved your purple belt, whatever the reason we welcome you with open arms.

In fact, we offer a free trial year round and typically the first 30 days for $1 dollar to prove we have the goods to keep people around. You can get yours right here –>FREE TRIAL<–

 

Thanks as always for reading!

Professor Joe Heller